One of the non-surgical treatments for back pain relief is Spinal Traction, which can be performed manually or mechanically. It is a form of decompression therapy used to treat back pain caused by herniated discs, degenerative diseases, and nerve compression like sciatica.
Spinal traction relieves pressure from herniated discs and straightens the spine and provides consistent relief to patients. It does so by stretching tight spinal muscles and widening the intervertebral spaces to relieve nerve impingement.
Types of Spinal Traction:
There are two method of administration of Spinal Traction Therapy:
1) Manual: Manual Spinal traction back pain relief means that the therapist uses his hands to apply force to the patient’s body. It is used to treat mild spine compression. It is a medically accepted form of therapy and is widely practiced by rehabilitative professionals.
Figure 1. Manual Spine Traction therapy
2) Mechanical: Mechanical Lumbar Spinal Traction makes use of a variety of tools to apply force to the vertebral column. Ropes, slings, and pulleys are some of the tools applied for this purpose. It may incorporate a special motorized traction table on which the patient lies. The traction device, comprised of a head halter and a pulley system, will slowly stretch your spine, making the vertebrae move into their proper position.
Figure 2. Mechanical Lumbar Spinal Traction
3) Detensor: Spinal traction lumbar pain relief mat has a rib structure is manufactured from a material that has a unique ability to adapt to the contours of the body. Compressibility and point elasticity it such that reached the neutral position of the spine in position on the side, back or stomach, due to the fact that Detensor’s ribs as support points are always under the body lying, and the surface and the base are designed in strict accordance with the weight (mass) of the body. And since the power of stretching depends on the body weight, it is always individual for each person (patient or healthy). As a result of this important characteristic is prevented overstrain muscles and ligaments, and, consequently, the possible trauma, unlike applies other devices and systems for the traction of the spine (“dry” stretching: Glisson loop tables with loops, underwater traction, etc).
The basis of the therapeutic effect of any traction of the spine is a mechanism to reduce pressure internal-disk. This ensures that the removed disc Hernia protrusion due to its absorption and self- straighten drive. This reduces or completely stops the tension disc of the posterior longitudinal ligament, which relieves pain and allows you to achieve lasting remission. With spondylography proved the possibility of extension of certain PDS and increase capacity for intervertebral disc.
Figure 3. Spinal Traction with Detensor Therapy Mat
Detensor system allows traction of the spine the gentlest way, exercising self-control, focusing on the patient’s body weight, and evenly distributing the force of traction, eliminating the excess load.
Contraindications for Spinal Traction:
Traction is not a treatment option in osteoporosis, infection, or tumor of the spine. It can also be potentially dangerous in physical conditions like pregnancy, hernia, fracture, and cardiovascular disease and hence should be avoided.
Duration of Spinal Traction:
Each treatment can last up to 30-50 minutes and a total of 20 or more treatments may be required over five to seven weeks. The therapist initially uses less force during the procedure and then gradually increases it according to the patient’s tolerance level. However, the extent and seriousness of the disease determine the number of sessions required.
Benefits of Spinal Traction:
Spinal Traction is an effective way to get relief from back pain without surgery. It has no long-term risks or potential side effects and results in adequate spinal alignment. It works as an enhancement for other therapies and is easy to administer.
Therapeutic spinal traction is hundred-year-old concept. Many studies have been conducted to show its efficacy. Its goal is to relieve pain so that the patient becomes more functional. Many have benefitted from this therapy as it can enhance the healing process and render quick and amazing pain relief.