0 item

Non-Surgical Spinal Decompression Methods

About Non-Surgical Spinal Decompression Methods

Medical professionals have now devised ways for non-invasive spinal column decompression. These methods of vertebral traction, instead of the surgical procedures, help in removing the extra pressure on the inter vertebral discs. Intervertebral discs are small cushion-like structures that are present between your vertebras (small segments of the backbone in spinal column). These discs provide stability to your back by acting as shock absorbers. Bulging or herniation of spinal disks due to stress over long periods of time or any other factor can result in persistent back pain. Traction or decompression techniques can be performed as back pain relief therapies in these conditions.

manual spinal decompression
Methods of Spinal Traction:
Various methods for spinal traction have been brought to light. We have shortlisted some of the best methods to treat backaches.
Manual Vertebral Disk Decompression:

This was the conventional method used by the physiotherapists for backache relief and is still useful for patients with minor issues. The patient is brought about in a state of traction by the hands of the physiotherapist. There is no use of any extensive mechanical tools and the therapist applies manual force on the joints and muscles. This results in creating wider spaces between the vertebrae, and thus the pain relief. However, due to its very low efficiency in the majority of the patients, the method is no longer in practice by many physiotherapists.

mechanical decompression of intervertebral disks
Mechanical Spine Decompression:
This is an advanced method of spinal traction, where a table specialized for spinal decompression procedure is used. Several tools like ropes, pulleys, and slings are attached to this table. The patient lies on the table and the physiotherapist mechanically relieves the pressure by stretching the spine of the patient. This helps in relieving the pain quickly. The major drawback of this procedure, however, is that the patients often experience severe muscular spasms in the treated areas later.
Hanczaryk Decompression Method:

This method was devised in 1976 which aims to treat backache problems due to bulging discs, herniation, degenerative disorders, stenosis of the foramina, spondylosis, and problems due to back surgeries. Despite its extensive use, the method has been contraindicated in some patients. It has also failed to show satisfactory results in 20% of the patients. Thus, it is still not useful for some groups of people.

Detensor Spinal Traction Therapy:

This method makes use of mats optimally designed for treating backaches in both recumbent and sitting positions. It brings backache relief by reducing muscle tension in the back and causing spinal decompression. The system uses foam-like mats that have high elasticity properties and thus aid in relieving the pain. Detensor system is a multi-purpose system with additional advantages as:

  • Increased lymphatic flow
  • Extension of shortened muscular structures
  • Reduced tone in muscles and tendons
  • Tissue regeneration by increased vasculature

Diagram of the Detensor 18% Tracking Mat

Diagram of the Detensor 18% Spine Traction Mat is the main part of the Detensor disk decompression therapy system

The Detensor decompression method is preferable over the methods listed above, or even more conventional methods like Trapeze, Glisson-Sling, or traction sling frame for its multipurpose use, least contraindication, high yield, simplicity, long-term pain relief and no side effects. The system has shown a success rate of 95% since 1980. This explains its constantly increasing popularity for backache relief therapies.

Backaches have been reported to be the third biggest cause of hospitalization in the recent times. Various physio-therapies can aid in solving the issue. The Detensor Therapy is hands down the best solution currently available for backache relief and has proved to be useful in the majority of the patients.